“Every year our nation requires about 4 Crore units of blood, out of which only a meager 40 Lakh units of blood are available. The gift of blood is the gift of life. There is no substitute for human blood. “
Every year, India experiences the need for roughly 5 Crore units of blood, but only a meager 2.5 Crore units of blood are usually available in blood banks. The act of blood donation is therefore of utmost importance. Donating blood is important also due to the existence of a blood disorder called Thalassemia.
What is Thalassemia?
Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder wherein the body does not make enough of the protein ‘hemoglobin’. Hemoglobin is an essential component of RBCs. When the body’s hemoglobin levels fall, the RBCs are unable to function properly.
Red blood cells are supposed to carry oxygen throughout the body. If there is not enough oxygen being delivered to the cells of the body, this causes weakness and shortness of breath. Such a person is said to be anemic. People with thalassemia may have mild or severe anemia, which can damage organs and even lead to death.
Why is Thalassemia testing important?
An individual who is thalassemia minor may not have any anemia symptoms at all, while a person who is thalassemia major may have severe anemia, requiring regular blood transfusions.
Thalassemia traits are passed from parents to their children. Having the thalassemia trait therefore means that while you yourself may not have any symptoms, you might marry another thalassemia minor, which increases your children’s risk for having thalassemia major. It is therefore extremely important to get your blood tested for Thalassemia.
blood donation drive takes place in the form of a four-step process:
Registration, medical history, and physical examination, donation, and refreshments.
Every blood donor underwent a mini physical examination, wherein his/her temperature, blood pressure, pulse, and hemoglobin were all checked to ensure it was safe for the donor to give blood. The actual process of blood donation did not take more than 12-15 minutes. Refreshments in the form of bananas, biscuits, glucose drinks, tea, and oranges are also made available to all donors. Every successful blood donor received a certificate as an additional incentive for donating blood.